“The state considers [that] those who are on probation or waiting to appear in court are not dangerous and are easily monitored and evaluated,” said Nabil Barkati, a researcher with the Tunis-based think tank Maghreb Economic Forum.

However, added Mr Barkati, returning fighters to the community where they were first radicalised does entail a security risk. Assessing the overall risk can be difficult, with the screening criteria ambiguous at best.

With a shrinking economy and job opportunities increasingly scarce, the likelihood of integrating returning fighters into their communities remains daunting.

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